A.V.Grigoriev, Yu.N.Korolev, E.A.Vorobyova
Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biology faculty,
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Soil Science faculty

Search for extra-terrestrial microrganisms by means of ATR-spectroscopy

We suggest to use ATR-spectroscopy technique for search for extra-terrestrial life. Such an experiment (“MATROS”) was proposed by us for Europa lander.
Biopolymers (proteins, DNA/RNA,…) inside microbes have characteristic IR bands detectable in a sample placed onto ATR-prism. Distinguishing from mineral bands is achieved with layer-by-layer analysis, dichroic ratio measurements and bacteria cultivation directly on ATR-prism.
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